Shakyamuni Buddha is known as Buddha who is initially born as a Sidhartha Gautam. He was born on 563 B.C. in Lumbini, the western part of Nepal, the son of King Suddhodhan and Queen Mayadevi. When he was a young adult his exposure with the outside world drove him to pursue a greater insight of life and spiritual fulfillment. Gautam Buddha is assumed to have had 550 incarnations. To recognize from all alternative Buddhas, he has been renowned as Shakyamuni (The lion of Sakya kin group, the son of King Suddhodhana) Bodhi” or knowledge He stayed fasting for 6 years and meditate to gain knowledge on Bodhi . Later he was called “Buddha” which means “the enlightened one”. So the main theme is “Evil is suffering and good is happiness”.
This Shakyamuni Buddha is seated in dhyana asana or meditative pose. In this position, the legs are crossed, closely locked with the soles of both feet visible. Lord Buddha is seated on a single lotus base also known as padmasana. The Buddha Shakyamuni, at the moment of enlightenment, invoked the earth as witness, as indicated by the fingers of his right hand, which spread downward in bhumisparsha mudra, “the earth touching gesture”. As the Buddhist sutras narrate, the sun and moon stood still, and all the creatures of the world came to offer respect to the Supreme One who had broken through the boundaries of egocentric existence. All Buddhist art celebrates this moment and leads the viewer toward the Buddha’s experience of selfless and unsurpassed enlightenment.
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