This Thangka is the combination of Five Dhyanii Buddha which has Shakyamuni Buddha , Medicine Buddha , White Tara and Manjushree at the center covering entire thangka with 24k gold leaves mixture on cotton canvas.
Shakyamuni Buddha is known as Buddha who is initially born as a Sidhartha Gautam. He was born on 563 B.C. in Lumbini, the western part of Nepal, the son of King Suddhodhan and Queen Mayadevi. When he was a young adult his exposure with the outside world drove him to pursue a greater insight of life and spiritual fulfillment. Gautam Buddha is assumed to have had 550 incarnations. To recognize from all alternative Buddhas, he has been renowned as Shakyamuni (The lion of Sakya kin group, the son of King Suddhodhana) Bodhi” or knowledge He stayed fasting for 6 years and meditate to gain knowledge on Bodhi . Later he was called “Buddha” which means “the enlightened one”. So the main theme is “Evil is suffering and good is happiness”.
This Shakyamuni Buddha is seated in dhyana asana or meditative pose. In this position, the legs are crossed, closely locked with the soles of both feet visible. Lord Buddha is seated on a single lotus base also known as padmasana. The Buddha Shakyamuni, at the moment of enlightenment, invoked the earth as witness, as indicated by the fingers of his right hand, which spread downward in bhumisparsha mudra, “the earth touching gesture”. As the Buddhist sutras narrate, the sun and moon stood still, and all the creatures of the world came to offer respect to the Supreme One who had broken through the boundaries of egocentric existence. All Buddhist art celebrates this moment and leads the viewer toward the Buddha’s experience of selfless and unsurpassed enlightenment.
Tara is the feminine deity of the Buddhist Bodhisattva of compassion, Avalokiteshvara(Lokeshwor). She holds a very conspicuous position in Tibet and Nepal. Tara is asserted to defend human beings while they are in crossroad of the ocean . White Tara is considered as a consort of Avalokiteshwora, once in a while also called consort of Varochana. She is exhibited usually seated, dressed and crowned like a Boddhisattwas. She is also glorified and praised as a saptalochana or seven eyed Tara with extra eyes on her forehead, palm, and feet. She embodies lotus flower at one or both of her shoulders. She is settled in full vajra posture, her left hand in guidance gesture holding the stem of the lotus. She is wearing all sorts of inestimable ornaments which looks charming and beautiful. The practice of White Tara helps to prolong life and in healing purposes.
Manjushri (Manjushree) is encountered as the oldest and most considerable Bodhisattva in Mahayana Buddhism literature. In early Mahayana texts called Prajnaparamita Sutra, mentioned Manjushree as the incarnation of consummate wisdom. Vimala, a pure land nominated to him by Lotus Sutra, is reasoned as one of the two best pure lands that lived in the past, present, and future. Manjushree is measured as a fully knowledgeable Bodhisattva and is enormously respected and glorified as a Meditational Deity. Manjushree is often exhibited as riding on a blue lion or seated on the skin of a lion. This symbolizes the discharge of knowledge to tame the mind, which is related to riding or subduing a fierce lion.